Sunday, October 14, 2018

Nadiya, F., N. Anjali, Jinu Thomas, A. Gangaprasad, K. K. Sabu. 2018. Deep sequencing identified potential miRNAs involved in defense response, stress and plant growth characteristics of wild genotypes of cardamom. Plant Biology. Published online: 11 August 2018 https://doi.org/10.1111/plb.12888

Abstract

  • Cardamom has long been used as a food flavouring agent and in ayurvedic medicines for mouth ulcers, digestive problems and even depression. Extensive occurrence of pests and diseases adversely affect its cultivation and result in substantial reductions in total production and productivity. Numerous studies revealed the significant role of miRNAs in plant biotic stress responses.
  • In the current study, miRNA profiling of cultivar and wild cardamom genotypes was performed using an Ion Proton sequencer.
  • We identified 161 potential miRNAs representing 42 families, including monocot/tissue‐specific and 14 novel miRNAs in both genotypes. Significant differences in miRNA family abundance between the libraries were observed in read frequencies. A total of 19 miRNAs (from known miRNAs) displayed a twofold difference in expression between wild and cultivar genotypes. We found 1168 unique potential targets for 40 known miRNA families in wild and 1025 potential targets for 42 known miRNA families in cultivar genotypes. The differential expression analysis revealed that most miRNAs identified were highly expressed in cultivars and, furthermore, lower expression of miR169 and higher expression of miR529 in wild cardamom proved evidence that wild genotypes have stronger drought stress tolerance and floral development than cultivars.
  • Potential targets predicted for the newly identified miRNAs from the miRNA libraries of wild and cultivar cardamom genotypes involved in metabolic and developmental processes and in response to various stimuli. qRT‐PCR confirmed miRNAs were differentially expressed between wild and cultivar genotypes. Furthermore, four target genes were validated experimentally to confirm miRNA–mRNA target pairing using RNA ligase‐mediated 5′ Rapid Amplification of cDNA Ends (5′RLM‐RACE) PCR.
Keywords: Cardamom, microRNA, next generation sequencing, RNA sequencing
Sakthipriya M., S. S. Vishnu, S. Sujith, P. Rajeesh Kumar, and K. K. Sabu. 2018. Analysis of genetic diversity of Centella asiatica using SSR markers. International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology Vol 6(2): 103-109. http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ijasbt.v6i2.19583

Abstract
Genetic diversity represents the heritable variation within and between populations of organisms. A better understanding of genetic diversity and its distribution is essential for its conservation and use. In this study the genetic diversity analysis was performed in 30 accessions of Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. using 10 SSR markers. C. asiatica is a tropical medicinal plant from Apiaceae family native to Southeast Asian countries. It is among the top herbs in the category of anti-aging and CNS drugs used worldwide. The whole plant and aerial parts are used widely in traditional and alternative medicines due to its ample pharmacological activities. The molecular screening through microsatellite markers showed low polymorphism (0.019) between the samples analyzed. Further studies, including the effect of environmental factors, genetic composition or possibility of inbreeding, are required to analyze the probable reason for the low variability exists in the species.

Int. J. Appl. Sci. Biotechnol. Vol 6(2): 103-109

Keywords: Centella asiatica; genetic diversity; SSR; microsatellites; medicinal plant

Sabu K. K., M. D. Shehenaz and J. Amrutha. 2018. Transcriptome mining for EST-INDELs and development of EST-SSR markers in turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Biotechnology 11(3): 487-492. http://ndpublisher.in/countpdfdownload.php?id=3040&pdf=IJAEBv11n3i.pdf

ABSTRACT
Curcuma longa L. commonly known as turmeric is used as a culinary spice in India and many Asian countries. Turmeric has anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, anti-malarial and anti-cancer properties to mention a few. We have analyzed the transcriptome of C. longa retrieved from NCBI SRA database (SRR495223) for the development and validation of EST-SSR markers and identification of EST-InDels to be used for C. longa and related genera. A total of 337 primers were developed and 20 primers having the rating of 100% with the help of NetPrimer were selected and used for PCR validation in C. longa, Amomum subulatum Roxb. (large cardamom) and Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton (small cardamom). It was found that around 50% primers generated PCR products in both types of cardamom and 85% in C. longa. The developed primers worked with curcuma, large cardamom and small cardamom plants at varying levels. Besides, the transcriptome analysis detected high amount of deletion and 18 addition of bases which could be screened through the development of CAPS markers using the tool SNP2CAPS and it was found that 93 restriction enzyme can be used for screening these InDels.

Highlights

  • Transcriptome sequence of Curcuma longa was used for the development of EST-SSR markers.
  • The EST-SSR primers were validated in Curcuma longa and its related taxa such as Amomum subulatum and Elettaria cardamomum
  • EST-InDels were also successfully identified in the transcriptome sequences of Curcuma longa.


Keywords: Curcuma longa, EST-SSR, EST-InDel, PCR, ClustalW, WebSat, NetPrimer, SNP2CAPS

Search My Blog